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US stock market daily report (August 28, 2014, Thursday)

August 29, 2014, Friday, 05:06 GMT | 00:06 EST | 09:36 IST | 12:06 SGT
Contributed by Millennium Traders


The presence of Naegleria fowleri - a deadly brain eating amoeba - has been found in the St. John Water District 1 water system in Louisiana. The water system serves 12,577 people in the towns of Garyville, Mount Airy and Reserve. No one has become sick from the amoeba and the water is safe to drink but, the amoeba can pose a risk if it enters the nasal passage, according to the parish and state health officials.

Late Wednesday, the Louisiana Department of Health and Hospitals [LDHH] issued an emergency order requiring the parish to perform a chlorine burn throughout its water system to kill the amoeba. Early Thursday, St. John Water District 1 was set to increase chlorine levels to combat the brain-eating amoeba.

Early in August, as part of LDHH's surveillance and amoeba testing, St. John Water District 1 water system was sampled and found to be not in compliance with the state's emergency rule. Water systems are required to maintain a minimum disinfectant residual level of .5 milligrams per liter throughout all of their distribution lines - a residual level known to control amoeba.

Louisiana State Health Officer Jimmy Guidry said, "Families can take simple steps to protect themselves from exposure to this amoeba, the most important being to avoid allowing water to go up your nose while bathing or swimming in a pool."

St. John the Baptist Parish President Natalie Robottom said, "Clearly, as we get to exactly what has happened in this case, the protocol will be revisited and if changes are necessary we will take care of that." Robottom added, "The parish utilities department is taking immediate actions to fully chlorinate the water system and eliminate the threat." Robottom said, "It is safe to drink, to eat, and use to cook. The problem is to make sure that you keep precautions to prevent the water from going up your nose. Now understanding it's the holiday weekend, swimming and slip 'n' slide, those are all areas to proceed with caution." With the holiday weekend approaching, residents are being asked to use caution. St. John Water District 1 parish says it tests its water system daily and are currently investigating why chlorine levels dropped below state required levels.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, personal actions to reduce the risk of Naegleria fowleri infection should focus on limiting the amount of water going up a person's nose and lowering the chances that Naegleria fowleri may be in the water.

The CDC recommends the following preventative measures against the deadly amoeba:

• Do not allow water to go up your nose, do not sniff water into your nose while bathing, showering, washing your face or while swimming in small hard plastic/blow-up pools.

• Do not jump into or put your head under bath water or small hard plastic/blow-up pools - walk or lower yourself in.

• Do not allow children to play unsupervised with hoses or sprinklers, as they may accidentally squirt water up their nose. Avoid slip-n-slides or other activities where it is difficult to prevent water going up the nose.

• Do run bath, shower taps and hoses for five minutes before use to flush out the pipes. This is most important the first time you use the tap after the water utility raises the disinfectant level.

• Do keep small hard plastic/blow-up pools clean by emptying, scrubbing and allowing them to dry after each use.

• Do use only boiled and cooled, distilled or sterile water for making sinus rinse solutions or performing ritual ablutions.

• Do keep your swimming pool adequately disinfected before and during use.
Adequate disinfection for:
pools: chlorine at 1-3 parts per million (ppm) and pH 7.2-7.8
hot tubs/spas: chlorine 2-4 parts per million (ppm) or free bromine 4-6 ppm and pH 7.2-7.8.

• If you need to top off the water in your swimming pool with tap water, place the hose directly into the skimmer box and ensure that the filter is running. Do not top off your pool by placing the hose in the body of the pool.

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